Taxol is used in cancer chemotherapy, mainly to treat patients with lung, ovarian, breast, head and neck cancer. It can also be known to treat restenosis. Its original ingredient came from the Taxus Brevifolia plant, but it no longer in use due to its environmental concern of its sourcing.
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L-Dopa is a chemical that is made with a part of the Mucuna prurien plant. It is well known for the treatment of Parkinson’s Disease and Dopamine-Responsive Dystonia. This medicine crosses the blood-brain barrier and helps the central nervous system as well as the peripheral nervous system. This medicine can cause side effects.
Quinine is an crystalline alkaloid that has properties which can help reduce fever, pain and inflammatory. It is also used as a muscle relaxant. Historically, the bark from the Cinchona tree would have been grounded and taken with sweetened water to produce the same effects.
Etoposide is used as treatment for cancer in chemotherapy for cancers such as testicular cancer, lung cancer, Ewing’s sarcoma and Kaposi’s sarcoma. The drug usually given with a combination of other treatment drugs and can be used prior to a bone marrow or blood cell transplant. Its chemical can be found in the American Mayapple plant.
Catechin is a type of antioxidant and can be found in chocolate, red wine, tea and apples. The organic compound is found in the Acacia catechu plant and is used to help reduce major health problems that include strokes, heart failures, diabetes and cancer.
Rutin is a compound found in the Carpobrotus edulis and contributes to the properties of antibacterial and antioxidant of the plant. Rutin is used as medications for the protection of the blood vessels. Their ingredients are also used in multivitamins and herbal remedies.
Betulinic acid has antiretroviral, antimalarial and anti-inflammatory properties and more recently, an anticancer property has been discovered. It is used to help restrain the growth of the tumour and several cancer cells.
Betulinic acid is found in a variety of plants, however Betula pubescens is the main plant and is extracted from its bark.
Morphine is a narcotic used to treat severe pain that can be extracted from opium. It cannot be used with alcohol or there may be dangerous side effects leading to death. Morphine can only be used for patients who are opioid tolerant. Overdoses of morphine can result in weak pulse, fainting and breathing that stops.
Quinidine is used for as an antiarrhythmic medication to regulate the rhythm of the heart beat. It can also be used to treat malaria. However, quinidine also increases heart rate, lesses strength of heart muscle contractions which can lead to congestive heart failure and can cause low blood pressure. It was originally taken from the bark of the cinchona tree.
Hydrastine is a poisonous alkaloid found in the hydrastis canadensis plant as well as plants of the ranunculaceae family. It has been used in the past to treat inflammation of the mucous membranes.