Taxol is used in cancer chemotherapy, mainly to treat patients with lung, ovarian, breast, head and neck cancer. It can also be known to treat restenosis. Its original ingredient came from the Taxus Brevifolia plant, but it no longer in use due to its environmental concern of its sourcing.
L-Dopa is a chemical that is made with a part of the Mucuna prurien plant. It is well known for the treatment of Parkinson’s Disease and Dopamine-Responsive Dystonia. This medicine crosses the blood-brain barrier and helps the central nervous system as well as the peripheral nervous system. This medicine can cause side effects.
Quinine is an crystalline alkaloid that has properties which can help reduce fever, pain and inflammatory. It is also used as a muscle relaxant. Historically, the bark from the Cinchona tree would have been grounded and taken with sweetened water to produce the same effects.
Balsam Apple- an obnoxious vine with fruit that are poisonous to humans.
Asclepias syriaca, or known by it’s common name milkweed, is known for it’s role in attracting butterflies. The sap released from the leaves and stem is poisonous when consumed in large quantities resulting in kidney or liver failure, respiratory paralysis and death.
Arum maculatum (cuckoopint)
The Arum maculatum is commonly known as the “cuckoopint” plant. In the autumn, it produces orange berries that are covered by a leaf-like hood surrounded by spotted leaves. If the berries are ingested it may cause a tingling in the mouth which can lead to irritation of the mouth.
Artemisia is a common genus of plants but among its abundance is hidden the delectable species of the Artemisia Absinthium, often called Wormwood or Mugwort. Containing the chemical compound Thujone, Wormwood has psychoactive effects if consumed in large quantities. Its green and white variegated leaves are dried and added to an anise-flavoured spirit to produce green absinthe, or La Fée Verte.
While working as a kitchen hand for the abominable Pierre Ordinaire at La Cravache Inn at Neuchâtel, Switzerland, Weed uses Wormwood to lull his nemeses, the wild dogs Diable and Cicatrice,to sleep. That same Wormwood accidentally finds its way into Pierre’s rapacious belly and accused of malicious poisoning Weed’s life hangs briefly in the balance. On Pierre’s sudden revival, the drunken oaf tearfully thanks the shocked Weed for fortuitously inventing a recipe for a splendid new beverage, which he immediately christens Absinthe.
Dr. Pierre Ordinaire as he was thereafter known to the world went on to market Absinthe successfully around Europe in the 19th and 20th century, making a fortune and a name for himself that lives on until today.
Etoposide is used as treatment for cancer in chemotherapy for cancers such as testicular cancer, lung cancer, Ewing’s sarcoma and Kaposi’s sarcoma. The drug usually given with a combination of other treatment drugs and can be used prior to a bone marrow or blood cell transplant. Its chemical can be found in the American Mayapple plant.
Catechin is a type of antioxidant and can be found in chocolate, red wine, tea and apples. The organic compound is found in the Acacia catechu plant and is used to help reduce major health problems that include strokes, heart failures, diabetes and cancer.